One of the main components of people well-being is food. All the necessarily nutrients and calories needed for healthy bodies and energy are provided by foods. However, people’s lifestyle turns out to be very tense, there is often a lack of time. The work day is too busy to find a moment for healthy eating. So in the evenings we may overeat. As a result, the extra food turns to fat and is stored in our bodies.
Majority of industrially developed countries faced with one of the main healthcare problems – obesity. Obesity is an epidemic in the United States. It is the main cause of nearly 300 thousands deaths in a year here. Nearly half of Americans suffer from being overweight — including at least 1 in 5 children. As physical activity is optional and food is abundant, obesity grows rapidly in our society. Annual expenses related to obesity exceed 100 milliards of dollars.
What causes obesity?
There are lots of reasons causing obesity, which vary by individual. Many factors such as your age, sex, and genes, psychological makeup, and environmental factors may contribute to the imbalance between calorie intake and consumption.
Researches have shown that obesity tends to run in families due to lifestyle habits, shared diet and also it can be caused by genes. But it doesn’t mean at all that you will be obese because of having obese relatives.
There are a lot of things that have nothing to do with hunger. They are depression, boredom, hopelessness, anger. Due to all these negative factors people often overeat, that always turn out to gaining weight. This doesn’t mean that overweight and obese people have more emotional problems than other people. The problem is that their eating habits influence on their eating habits feelings that causes overeating. Perceived social pressures related to being more physically desirable, especially in young girls, may lead to using obesity as a mechanism of defense. If such unusual cases take place, psychological intervention may be helpful.
People’s lifestyle is one of the most important environmental factors. We live in a society where our activity level and eating habits are partly learned from the people around us. Obesity is caused mainly by sedentary habits and overeating.
With the same calorie intake women are more likely to gain weight than men. You ask – why? Nature created men to have more muscle than women. Even at rest men use more calories because muscle burns more calories than other types of tissue. As a result eating the same food, you’ll be gaining weight while your boy doesn’t notice any changes in his body.
Aging people tend to lose muscle and gain fat. Their metabolism also slows somewhat. These factors lower their calorie requirements.
Another life period when you are probably at risk for gaining weight is pregnancy. Unfortunately, this weight gain may contribute to obesity. Women tend to weigh an average of 4-6 pounds more after a pregnancy than they did before the pregnancy.
How to treat obesity?
For majority of people suffering from being overweight or obese, obesity treatment it comparatively simple to follow – try to eat less and exercise more and you will lose weight. It is as simple as that. There are no magic pills, diets that sound too good to be true are just that.
All medications that can promote weight loss work only in conjunction with eating less and exercising more. So, medical treatment of obesity, in most cases, focuses on changing people’s lifestyle. Two main rules of loosing weight healthy are simple to remember and follow: eat less and increase your activity level!
To prevent obesity and its health risks you must change the habits of a lifetime. Eating less over the long term means that you will learn to think about your eating habits and patterns.
Ask yourself – what makes you overeat? Is it late afternoon energy lag? May be it is late night sweet tooth? Or you just don’t have time or energy to cook, that’s why eat in snack-bars and fast foods. Having some insight into your overeating habits helps you to avoid your problem situations and reach your weight goal.
Don’t forget – increasing your activity level is largely a matter of changing your attitude. You don’t have to be a marathon runner. Look for those ways to increase your activity level that you enjoy.