Are you pregnant? Congratulations! Becoming a mother is one of the most exciting times in a woman’s life
Pregnancy – what is this?
Pregnancy is a term used in medicine to describe when a woman has a growing fetus inside of her. Pregnancy lasts for 40 weeks, sometimes it can be just more than 9 months. It begins from the start of your last menstruation and continues with childbirth. During that period you must take care of yourself, as it has never been more important.
You’ll probably get advice from your doctor, friends and family, even from complete strangers what should you do and what not. But your and your child’s health depends only on you, so try to learn as much useful information as you can to keep you and your baby as healthy as possible.
What are pregnancy signs and symptoms?
There are a lot of signs which may indicate you’re pregnant. They are fatigue headaches, nausea or vomiting, morning sickness, mood swings, frequent urination. But primary sign of pregnancy is missing one or more consecutive menstrual periods. Menstrual irregularities in women may cause missed periods. So women who experienced such problems must visit a doctor to determine whether they are waiting for a child or simple have some health disorder.
How to know if you’re pregnant?
The best way to determine if you are pregnant is using a pregnancy test. In the 1970s the National Institute of Child Health researches found that high levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadatropin (HCG) in the urine were associated with pregnancy. Since then home pregnancy test is commercially available over-the-counter and considered highly accurate.
In any case, whether you suspect being pregnant or your pregnancy test shows positive results you should see your health care specialist.
Why is prenatal care important?
Woman should get preconception care both before pregnancy and before her baby is born. Prenatal care while pregnancy is very important for the mother and her developing child as it includes health care, along with education and consulting about how to handle different aspects of pregnancy. With your doctor you may discuss various issues, for example what your nutrition must consist of, what should be avoided, whether to act physically and what to expect during the birth process in whole.
High-risk pregnancy and how to promote a healthy pregnancy?
Unfortunately, almost all pregnancies involve a certain degree of risk to both mother and baby. That’s why it’s of vital importance to have good nutrition and a healthy lifestyle before pregnancy. To prevent any complications during pregnancy good prenatal care and medical treatment must be got.
But many factors causing high-risk pregnancy can be present before a woman becomes pregnant. They are being overweight or underweight, pre-existing health conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, having had problems in previous pregnancies. Remember, the problem can occur even if you were previously completely healthy.
See the following rules that may help reducing the risk of certain problems during pregnancy:
- While being pregnant you can help yourself and your baby by getting regular physical activity. Avoid drinking alcohol, smoking or drug use as these are factors that can seriously damage your fetus. Before taking any medications consult with your prenatal care doctor as certain medications can be harmful too.
- It is recommended for women of childbearing age to get at least 400 micrograms of folic acid every day whether through food or dietary or supplements. It should be taken at least for 3 months before getting pregnant and at least the first 3 months of pregnancy.
- Before becoming pregnant it is important to get all the necessary vaccinations. So, thinking about getting pregnant you should make sure you have been properly vaccinated for certain diseases that could harm your developing fetus.